1 Adult immigrating individually: $ 25,000 CAD
1 Couple moving together: $ 30,000 CAD
1 Couple with 1 kid below 10 years: $ 33,000 CAD
1 Couple with 1 kid above 10 years: $ 35,000 CAD
For each extra kid below 10 years: add $ 1,000
For each extra kid above 10 years: add $ 2,000
Essentially, the above-explained sum of cash will offer you adequate breathing space to settle in a new nation. This is prior to getting a job and starting to earn an income. It must suffice for basic living expenses for 4 to 6 months depending on how well you budget. Any amount lesser than this will make it really tough.
Federal Express Entry System
Provincial Nominee Programs
Quebec Skilled Workers Program
Majority of the immigration programs of Canada are based on points. The applicants must ensure that they fulfil the eligibility requirements of these programs. They must score adequate points based on diverse factors of their profile. This includes Language Proficiency, Work Experience, Education, and others. Only then they can qualify for a specific immigration program or system.
Federal Skilled Worker Program
Provincial Nominee Program
Quebec Skilled Worker Program
Canada Experience Class
Each stream caters to a diverse group of immigrants and has unique eligibility requirements. Here we will consider the requirements for the FSWP:
Skilled work experience
You must possess a minimum of 1 year of work experience that is full time and continuous. This is out of the last 10 years prior to your submission of PR application. Equivalent continuous part-time work will also qualify. This must be in the Skill Type B, A, or 0 in the Canada NOC – National Occupational Classification.
You must demonstrate that you possess language proficiency of minimum CLB 7 – Canadian Language Benchmark. The test results must be from an organization that is designated by IRCC for language testing.
You must offer either an overseas educational credential or a Canadian educational credential. An Educational Credential Assessment – ECA Report must be offered from a designated agency. This is to prove that the overseas certificate/degree/diploma is on par with the Canadian credentials.
All the qualified candidates must create a profile in the Express Entry System. ECA and IELTS score is mandatory for this. The profile is then offered ranking out of 1200 for diverse factors. This includes Work Experience, Language Proficiency, Education, Age, etc.
CIC holds regular draws from the Express Entry pool and specifies minimum CRS score for the draw. All the qualified candidates in the pool with scores above the specified CRS minimum score are offered an ITA. They can submit an application for Canada PR Visa. The CRS minimum score has remained at 450 and above so far in 2019.
Chalk out a plan of action to score adequate points in your low score areas
Assess how best you can score these points to find a place in the applicant pool
With this program you have the option to apply to some of the best Canadian provinces which include:
Prince Edward Island
There are two options when filling an application through the PNP program-valid job offers from Canadian companies or through Express Entry.
You could qualify through the individual In-demand Occupation Lists of some provinces. You will get an invitation from the province if your occupation is on the list. You can then go for a Canada PR Visa application.
Apart from the mandatory documents, applicants for the PNP program must present their educational and professional credentials.
Through Express Entry
Express Entry Stream
There are 2 ways to apply:
You can apply for a nomination by contacting the province or territory and apply for a nomination under the Express Entry stream.
If you get a positive response from the province or territory to nominate you, you can create an Express Entry profile or update your profile if it already exists.
The other option is to create an Express Entry profile and indicate the provinces or territories you are interested in. If the province sends a ‘notification of interest’ you can then contact them and then apply through the Express Entry system.
You must meet the eligibility requirements for a successful outcome of your application.
Non- Express Entry Stream
Under this option you can apply to the province or territory for nomination under the non-Express Entry stream. If you meet the eligibility requirements and qualify through the individual In-demand Occupation Lists of some provinces, you will get a nomination from the province if your occupation is on the list. You can then apply for a Canada PR Visa.
You will now have to submit a paper application for your PR visa. The processing time is usually longer than through the Express Entry system.
Steps in PNP application for PR visa
Apply in the province or region where you desire to settle.
If your profile meets the eligibility criteria, you could be nominated by the province to apply for a PR visa.
Apply for your PR visa after you are nominated by a province.
The criteria for evaluating the PR application varies from province to province.
If you do not receive a nomination, then you must contact he province directly.
This is where the help of an immigration consultant will be valuable. The consultant will help you with submitting your application on time so that you do not miss out on the deadlines or closing dates that will be a setback to your application success.
Express Entry Program
Provincial Nominee Program (PNP)
Quebec Skilled Worker Program (QSWP)
Each immigration program has its own set of criteria. If you are applying under a specific program to immigrate from Canada to India you must meet these requirements. But these programs have general minimum requirements common to all of them:
Applicants should be above 18 years of age
Applicants should have the minimum educational qualifications equal to higher secondary education in Canada
Applicants must score the minimum marks in language proficiency tests such as IELTS or CLB
Applicants require a minimum one year of work experience
Applicants with a valid job offer are given preference
However, you can still earn points on other factors like skills, language proficiency, job offer, education etc. These factors can give you the required eligibility score to apply for immigration to Canada from India.
Here are the steps involved in the application process:
Step 1: Create your Express Entry profile As a first step, you will have to create your online Express Entry profile. The profile should include credentials like age, work experience, education, language skills, etc.
Step 2: Complete your ECA If you have done your education outside Canada, you should complete an Educational Credentials Assessment or ECA. This is to prove that your educational qualifications are equal to those awarded by the Canadian educational system.
Step 3: Complete your language ability tests As the next step in the Express Entry program, you should take the required English language proficiency tests. The recommendation is a score of 6 bands in IELTS. Your test score should be less than 2 years old at the time of application.
Step 4: Calculate your CRS score The profiles in the Express Entry pool are ranked based on the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) score. Immigration candidates who submit their profiles to the Express Entry pool are assigned a CRS score out of 1200 points. Factors such as age, work experience, adaptability, etc. determine your CRS score.
Step 5: Get your Invitation to Apply (ITA) The Express Entry draw is conducted every two weeks. The CRS score usually varies with every Express Entry draw. Your profile gets selected from the Express Entry pool, provided you meet the CRS score for the Express Entry draw. After this, you will get an ITA from the Canadian government following which you can start the documentation for your PR visa.
You will be aware of only a few immigration programs such as Express Entry, Provincial Nominee Program or the Quebec Skilled Workers Program to migrate to Canada. But there are more than 60 options available and you may not be aware of them and will not know the best option where you meet the eligibility criteria. A Canada visa consultant will suggest the right immigration program for you. Their knowledge and awareness will help you choose a program that is best suited for you.
If you believe you can handle the immigration process on your own, then you are probably not aware of the legal requirements, clauses, and rules. If you undertake the immigration process based on what you have understood, you run the risk of making a mistake. But with the help of a Canada immigration consultant, you will understand the rules and regulations and the steps in the process to submit an error- free application.
You will have to submit the application form and supporting documents at specific dates. A Canada immigration consultant will help you submit your application on time
Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)
Skilled workers in various occupations can submit their profiles to the FSTP and wait for an ITA for PR visa. The government of Canada releases a list of skilled trades that are facing a shortage of labor on a regular basis. Based on this list international workers and those on a temporary work permit can apply in the FSTP.
The list of skilled trades is based on Canada’s National Occupational Classification (NOC) list.
Federal Skilled Worker Program
If you are working on a temporary work permit with a Canadian employer and the employer has made an offer to you for a permanent job, you might be able to apply under the Federal Skilled Worker Program for your permanent residency. Such an offer is called an arranged job. But you will have to meet the necessary criteria under the Foreign Skilled Worker Program.
Points are awarded based on factors such as education, age, adaptability, language skills and job offer for the applicant.
Canadian Experience Class
Temporary workers in skilled positions can apply under the Canadian Experience Class program using their work experience in Canada. This is a common choice for those temporary workers who are not reaching the points that the federal skilled worker program needs.
Applicants under the CEC must either have at least 1 year of skilled work experience in Canada or have a post-secondary degree in Canada.